Before sending it to the U.S. Senate, Clinton added two subsidiary agreements, the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC) and the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) to protect workers and the environment, as well as to allay the concerns of many members of the House of Representatives. The United States has required its partners to comply with similar environmental practices and regulations. [Citation required] After much attention and discussion, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act on November 17, 1993. Supporters of the deal included 132 Republicans and 102 Democrats. The legislation passed the Senate on November 20, 1993, 61-38.  The Supporters of the Senate were 34 Republicans and 27 Democrats. Republican Congressman David Dreier of California, a staunch supporter of NAFTA since the Reagan administration, has played a leading role in mobilizing support for the agreement among Republicans in Congress and across the country.   Many small U.S. companies depended under NAFTA on the export of their products to Canada or Mexico. According to the U.S.
Trade Representative, this trade has supported more than 140,000 small and medium-sized enterprises in the United States.  A Canadian member of the United States The free trade agreement was concluded in 1988 and NAFTA extended most of the provisions of the agreement to Mexico. NAFTA was negotiated by the governments of U.S. President George H.W. Bush, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican Prime Minister Carlos Salinas de Gortari. An interim agreement on the pact was reached in August 1992 and signed by the three heads of state and government on 17 December. NAFTA was ratified by the national parliaments of the three countries in 1993 and came into force on January 1, 1994. U.S. Department of Commerce.
Bureau of Census, foreign trade statistics. “New data updates 2005.” Available at www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/. Appeal on April 17, 2006. Under the agreement, Canada agreed to provide increased access to its dairy market and obtained several concessions in exchange. The USMCA will retain Chapter 19, which Canada relies on to protect it from U.S. trade assistance. It has also avoided a proposed five-year expiration clause, but uses a 16-year delay with a review after six years. Chapter 19 of NAFTA was a trade litigation mechanism that subjects anti-dumping and compensatory tariff (AD/CVD) rules to binational panel review or conventional judicial review.  In the United States, for example, the review of the decisions of anti-dumping and countervailing authorities is normally understood by the United States.