“West Bengal govt to subsidize rice and wheat for the enclaves of North Bengal.” The Economic Times, December 23, 2016. economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/west-bengal-govt-to-subsidize-rice-and-wheat-for-those-in-enclaves-in-north-bengal/articleshow/56138899.cms. With the ratification of the LBA, legal documents are now needed for land held by a resident of the enclave. According to MASUM, the country automatically becomes the property of the state in the absence of such documents.  This frightened people, because the only proof of ownership is either the old document of the Zamindares of Rangpur or their word. Background: More than four years after the historic Boundary Agreement (LBA) between India and Bangladesh, a report by civil rights organizations on the situation in the former enclaves indicates that protest and resistance have become an essential part of their survival in India. The intractable disagreement over the implementation of the measures promised to new citizens, coupled with a lack of coordination between the centre and the state in India, seems to have turned the enclaves into hotbeds of local politics. The Tin Bigha Corridor, an 85-metre-wide strip of Indian territory that leads from the Dahagram-Angarpota enclave to bangladesh on its next journey, has been hired for eternity in Bangladesh to access the enclave. It is available to the inhabitants of Dahagram-Angarpota.    Popular belief suggests that chhits/enclaves – or in other words, fragments of earth – appeared when the maharajah of Cooch Behar and the Foujdar of Rangpur played the villages of the other.
The division of India in 1947 led to a delicate situation among the inhabitants of these scattered lands; they paid income to one state, but were surrounded by the territory of another. The border drawn by Sir Radcliffe, which was based on a few loose maps, dictated the fate of millions of people who guessed landlocked without knowing it.  This led to the creation of enclaves that belonged to Cooch Behar but were surrounded by eastern Pakistan; These became later Indian territory. As a result, the enclaves of the rank-and-a-side zamindars, which were surrounded by Cooch Behar, became Pakistani territory. India and Bangladesh have a land border of about 4,100 km. This border was established in 1947 by the Radcliffe Prize as an India-East-Pakistan land border, but disputes quickly erupted over some aspects. After Bangladesh`s independence, India and Bangladesh signed border agreements (“1974 LBA”) in 1974 to resolve outstanding issues. The 1974 LBA was amended in 2011 by an additional protocol (protocol 2011 at the same time as the LBA of 1974, the Land Boundary Agreement), – thus, the State and the Center are at odds with each other; Proper coordination and communication between the two parties is essential to limit the influence of local leaders and prevent the misuse of funds. The ratification of the 2015 LBA was an important step in strengthening bilateral relations between India and Bangladesh. In fact, it gave a political identity to the people of the enclaves that had become stateless for years.
It is interesting to note, however, that on the Bangladeshi side, the development of these enclaves has been more remarkable than that of India. The reports of the Bangladeshi newspaper, published after one year of this ratification, were filled with praise on the performance, viz.